Moravian Autumn 2015
3. – 16. 10. 2015
Brno is looking forward to the Moravian Autumn 2015. The first edition of the Moravian Autumn, organised by the Brno Philharmonic in 2013, was fantastic, this one will be fantastic and multimedial. International stars will perform programmes exploring connections between music and film as well as between music and text (sang or recited). The Czech Philharmonic will perform under the baton of Jiří Bělohlávek and the Brno Philharmonic will accompany the phenomenal drumer Colin Currie who is considered one of the world’s most brilliant and courageous percussionists. The Rotterdam Philharmonic Orchestra will be another participating international star and we will experience also a monumental culmination of current work by Justé Janulyté in her one hour long composition Smėlio laikrodžiai (Sandglasses, 2010) which oscillates between a concert performance and an audiovisual installation (video).
The leading Estonian composer Erkki-Sven Tüür will be the personality in residence of the festival, he will personally attend performances of some of his compositions. In addition to his chamber music pieces, two major works will be presented – Ärkamine for choir and chamber orchestra and Symphony No. 4 “Magma”.
composer-in-residence of the Moravian Autumn Festival 2015
Estonian composer Erkki-Sven Tüür (b. October 16, 1959, Kärdla, Estonia) uses in his work a broad spectrum of compositional techniques. He has been interested in Gregorian chant and minimalism, linear polyphony and microtonality, twelve-tone music and sound-field technique. To describe his attempt to contrast and combine musical opposites – tonality versus atonality, regular repetitive rhythms versus irregular complex rhythms, tranquil meditativeness versus explosive theatricality – the composer has used the term „meta-language“. The works Zeitraum (1992), Architec-tonics VI (1992), Crystallisatio (1995) and Symphony No. 3 (1997) are the most representative examples of this method.
The transitional works from the earlier poly-stylistic meta-language style to the new compositional technique are Symphony No. 4 “Magma” and Ardor. Since Oxymoron Tüür has used the term “vectorial method” to describe his music: The most important difference from the earlier approach is the fact that on a grass roots level, the entire composition is encapsulated in a source code – a gene, which, as it mutates and grows, connects the dots in the fabric of the whole work. Why vectorial? An important role in voice leading is played by the position on the “blueprint” of the various directions and “curves”. I perceive them as vectors, which are defined by intervals (which are in turn indicated by a sequence of numbers). The first pure example is Oxymoron. Everything since has been written using a vectorial approach.
Erkki-Sven Tüür studied composition with Jaan Rääts at the Tallinn Conservatoire (1980–1984). He also took private lessons from Lepo Sumera. In 1979, Tüür founded the progressive rock ensemble In Spe, where he was engaged as composer, flautist, keyboardist and vocalist until 1983. Tüür worked as an adviser at the Estonian Composers’ Union (1983–1985) and musical director of the Vanalinnastuudio Theatre (1987–1990). From 1989–1992, he taught composition at the Estonian Academy of Music (Helena Tulve being the only student to date). Since 1992, Tüür is a freelance composer, his works are primarily commissioned by world-renowned performers and are frequently premiered abroad before reaching the audience in home. His music is being played regularly by symphony orchestras worldwide in prestigious concert halls.
His breakthrough work was 1989’s Insula deserta, which, after its Finnish premiere by the Ostrobothnian Chamber Orchestra conducted by Juha Kangas, was followed by many commissions from Finland and other countries. Tüür has been commissioned to compose new works for following orchestras, ensembles etc. listed below (selection): Frankfurt Radio Symphony Orchestra (Violin Concerto, Piano Concerto), Birmingham Symphony Orchestra and Paavo Järvi (Exodus), Dortmund Opera (Wallenberg), Royal Flanders Philharmonic Orchestra (Magma, dedicated to Evelyn Glennie), Eclat New Music Festival and Südwestrundfunk (Symphony No. 5, with Olari Elts conducting the SWR Big Band and Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra at the premiere), Nordic Symphony Orchestra (Symphony No. 6 “Strata”), Hilliard Ensemble and Munich Chamber Orchestra (Questions), Hessischer Rundfunk and Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra (Symphony No. 7 “Pietas”), Scottish Chamber Orchestra (Symphony No. 8), Orchestre de Paris (Sow the Wind…), and many others. Several new commissions are in progress, amongst others by Wiener Symphoniker, Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, London Philharmonic Orchestra, St Louis Symphony Orchestra. In September 2007, Tüür was the composer-in-residence of Auftakt Festival organized by the Frankfurt Alte Oper in Germany, in which a symposium on Erkki-Sven Tüür’s music was held. In 2010, a film documentary about Erkki-Sven Tüür entitled 7 Etudes in Pictures (directed by
Marianne Kõrver) was created in cooperation with Exitfilm and Estonian Television. Albums with music by Tüür have been released by ECM, Ondine, Warner, and EMI Virgin.
© Estonian Music Information Centre (shortened version)
7/10/ Besední dům, 7:30pm
String Quartet No. 2 “Lost Prayers” Armida Quartet
12/10/ University Cinema Scala, 2:00pm
screening of the opera Wallenberg
and talk with the composer
12/10/ Evangelical Church of Czech Brethren of J. A. Komenský (Red Church), 7:30pm
Missa brevis, Triglosson Trishagion, Kui vaikivad päevased tuuled
Collegium Musicale, Endrik Üksvärav
15/10/ Besední dům, 7:30pm
Milan Paľa, OK Percussion Duo
16/10/ Janáček Opera House, 7:30pm
Symphony No. 4 “Magma”
Colin Currie, Brno Philharmonic, Olari Elts
48th International Music
Under the auspices of
Minister of Culture of the Czech Republic
Mayor of the City of Brno
Mayor of the Central Brno district
Eduard W. Hoeks,
Ambassador of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Ambassador of the Republic of Estonia